Farm info

The Palmichal wet mill is a community wet mill owned and operated by CECA, one of Costa Rica´s major exporting companies. Traditionally, this mill only processed conventional coffee but in the last five years has adapted itself to serve both specialty coffee producers and roasters. The town of Palmichal is conveniently located in between the Central Valley and Tarrazú regions, which allows it to process coffee from multiple regions.

A big part of Costa Rica’s adaptation to produce for the specialty coffee market has been in the construction of parallel infrastructure; large mill process thousand of kilos of cherry together to produce consistency in large volumes while micromills process microlots one by one to preserve unique flavor profiles. In the case of Palmichal, the construction of an additional hopper and a state-of-the-art demucilagenator for washed processing are the key features of its micromill within its conventional mill.

In the micromill, coffee from select producers is processed separately with 100% traceability. Most of Palmichal’s microlots are honey-processed, bypassing the demucilagenator to leave the sweet mucilage on the bean, and dried on raised beds or in the large mechanical dryers called guardiolas.

Cerro Dragon is one of these special lots. Catuai cherries were fully washed and dried on raised beds then finished in the guardiola for a total of 7-10 days.

Region

Tarrazu

The Tarrazú region lies in the high mountains of the southern Pacific region south of Costa Rica’s capital city of San Jose and is one of the most densely planted high altitude regions in Central America, with many farms at or above 2000 meters above sea level. It is locally known as “Zona de Los Santos” for the number of towns with “San” or “Santa” in their names.

Tarrazú’s climate is characterized by two well-defined seasons; a rainy season lasting seven months (May through November) and a dry season (December through April). This encourages uniform coffee blossoming. On average, precipitation is between 2,400 millimeters (94.5 inches) per year, with an average annual temperature of 19°C (66.2°F).

The fertile, volcanic soils and rolling mountainsides of Tarrazu are well-suited for agriculture, and smallholders grow bananas, avocado, and citrus as well as coffee on properties passed between generations. The spirit of community and family is strong in Tarrazu, with prouducers caring for their land with pride. Many farms in Tarrazú include primary forest and some degree of shade trees interspersed with coffee and producers take care to protect the natural water sources that spring up from the mountainsides.