Shakiso is a woreda, or district, in the Guji Zone of the Oromia region. The Shakiso Wako Organic coffee comes from the Sewana washing station in the kebele, or village, of that name. Wako is the name of the shareholder working at the site, and this lot is traceable to Block 2. As an organic coffee, the Shakiso Wako coffee was grown without the use of any herbicides, pesticides, or other agrochemicals. The washing station assigns each lot an ID code to maintain traceability.
The coffee varieties in this lot, heirloom locally selected sub variety 74110 and 74112, are common in the Guji zone. They were developed in the 1970’s at the Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC) for resistance to the coffee berry disease. These two varieties begin with “74” to indicate their cataloging and selection in 1974.
Variety 74110 was selected from an original “mother tree” in the Bishari village, Metu Province, Illuababora zone, Oromia region. After researching its resistance to coffee berry disease and overall yield, JARC released the variety in 1979. 74110 trees are short and compact, with small leaves, cherries, and beans.
Variety 74112 also originates in the Metu-Bishari forest and was similarly released in 1979 for its disease resistance and yield potential. Its trees, too, are small and compact.
Learn more about Ethiopia’s Coffee Regions.