Farm info

Franco Chavez bought Finca La Villa 38 years ago and since then has managed the farm and its coffee cultivation. The farm is located 8.5km from Villamoreno in the Buesaco Municipality. The coffee is well distributed all over Franco’s land and he plants other crop trees as shade for coffee, including bananas, plantains, and guava in addition to other food crops like beans and corn. However, coffee is Franco’s only cash crop and he relies on its production.

This year’s yield was only half of what it was last year because Franco pruned a major part of his crop and because higher temperatures burned some of the coffee trees during the fragile flowering stage. The coffee was fertilized two times over the course of the year and many of the trees in production are already fifteen years old.

Franco’s processing strategies are based on recommendations from technicians at the local Cooperativa de Cafes Especiales de Nariño, who handled this lot’s dry milling. Finca La Villa’s elevation makes overall temperatures on the farm lower than average, meaning Franco has more flexibility with processing. He is able to ferment the coffee for 16 hours after processing to give the sugars in the mucilage maximum contact time with the bean before fully washing and drying in a solar dryer

Region

Nariño

Nariño is one of Colombia’s 32 Departments. It shares a southern border with Ecuador and is home to thousands of smallholder coffee producing families. Colombia’s three ranges of Andean mountains converge in Nariño, presenting ideal altitudes and fertile soil for high grown Arabica production.

Nariño’s particular geography and proximity to coastal and land borders have historically transformed it into corridor for illicit trade routes, resulting in unwarranted violence against residents of remote mountain farms. Today, thanks to the particularly resilient and fearless spirit of Nariño’s farmers, the small region is a respected nucleus of coffee innovation.